Originalmanual: Klerman G, Weissman MM, Rounsaville B, Chevron E. Interpersonal Psychotherapy  of Depression. New York, Basic Books, 1984.

Schramm E. Interpersonelle Psychotherapie. 4. Ausg. Stuttgart: Schattauer, 2019.

Schramm E, Klecha D. Interpersonelle Psychotherapie in der Gruppe. Stuttgart, Schattauer, 2010.

Weissman MM, Markowitz JC, Klerman G. The guide to Interpersonal Psychotherapy: Updated and Expanded, New York: Oxford Press 2018.


Weitere Bücher und Manual in Englisch: 




Ablon JS, Jones EE. Psychotherapy process in the National Institute of Mental Health Treatment of Depression Collaborative Research Program. J Consult Clin Psychol 1999; 67(1): 64–75.

Ablon JS, Jones EE. Validity of controlled clinical trials of psychotherapy: Findings from the NIMH Treatment of Depression Collaborative Research Program. Am J Psychiatr 2002; 159: 775–83.

Agras WS, Walsh T, Fairburn CG et al. A multicenter comparison of cognitive-behavioral therapy and interpersonal psychotherapy for bulimia nervosa. Arch Gen Psychiatr 2000; 57: 459–66.

Ainsworth MD, Blehar M, Waters E et al. Patterns of attachment: A psychological study of the strange situation. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum 1978.

Almquist YB, Landstedt E, Hammarström A. Associations between social support and depressive symptoms: social causation or social selection – or both? European Journal of Public Health 2016; 27(1): 84-89.

Barber JP, Muenz LR. The role of avoidance and obsessiveness in matching patients to cognitive and interpersonal psychotherapy: Empirical findings from the Treatment for Depression Collaborative Research Program. J Consult Clin Psychol 1996; 64: 951–8.

Barger SD, Messerli-Bürgy N, Barth J. Social relationship correlates of major depressive disorder and depressive symptoms in Switzerland: nationally representative cross sectional study. BMC Public Health 2014, 14:273

Barth J, Munder T, Gerger H, Nüesch E, Trelle S, Znoj H, Jüni P, Cuijpers P. Comparative Efficacy of Seven Psychotherapeutic Interventions for Patients with Depression. A Network Meta-Analysis. PLoS Med 2013; 10(5): e1001454. 

Bass J, Neugebauer R, Clougherty KF et al. Group interpersonal psychotherapy for depression in rural Uganda: 6-month outcomes: Randomized controlled trial. Brit J Psychiatr 2006; 188: 567–73.

Beach SRH, Arias I, O’Leary KD. The relationship of marital satisfaction and social support to depressive symptomatology. J Psychopath Behav Assess 1987; 8: 305–16.

Beach SRH, Jones DJ, Franklin KJ. Marital, family, and interpersonal therapies for depression in adults. In: Gotlib IH, Hammen CL. Handbook of depression. New York: Guilford Press 2009: 624–41.

Bellino S, Zizza M, Rinaldi C et al. Combined therapy of major depression with concomitant borderline personality disorder: Comparison of interpersonal and cognitive psychotherapy. Can J Psychiatr 2007; 52(11): 718–25.

Bellino S,Rinaldi C, Bogetto F. Adaptation of interpersonal psychotherapy to borderline personality disorder: a comparison of combined therapy and single pharmacotherapy. Can J Psychiatry. 2010 Feb;55(2):74-81.

Berger M, van Calker D, Brakemeier E et al. Affektive Störungen. In: Berger M (ed). Psychische Erkrankungen. Klinik und Therapie, 6. Aufl. München, Jena: Elsevier/Urban & Fischer, 2019.

Bernecker SL, Constantino MJ, Atkinson LR et al. Attachment style as a moderating influence on the efficacy of cognitive-behavioral and interpersonal psychotherapy for depression: A failure to replicate. Psychotherapy 2016; 53(1), 22-33.

Bernecker SL, Constantino MJ, Pazzaglia AM et al. Patient interpersonal and cognitive changes and their relation to outcome in interpersonal psychotherapy for depression. J Clin Psychol 2014; 70(6):518-27

Bifulco A, Known J, Jacobs C et al. Adukt attachment style as mediator between childhood neglect/abuse and adult depression and anxiety. Soc Psychiatr Psychiatric Epidem 2006; 41: 796–805.

Bleichenbacher M, Preiswerk V. Interpersonelle Psychotherapie (IPT), Multimodale Verhaltenstherapie (MVT), Dialektisch-Behaviorale Therapie (DBT): Analyse und Vergleich von Wirkmechanismen. Unveröffentlichte Lizentiatsarbeit, Institut für Psychologie, Universität Bern 1998.

Blom MB, Jonker K, Dusseldorp E et al. Combination treatment for acute depression is superior only when psychotherapy is added to medication. Psychother Psychosom 2007; 76(5): 289–97.

Bodenmann G, Plancherel B, Beach SR et al. Effects of coping-oriented couples therapy on depression: A randomized clinical trial. J Consult Clin Psychol 2008; 76(6): 944–54.

Bolton P, Bass J, Neugebauer R et al. Group interpersonal psychotherapy for depression in rural Uganda: A randomized controlled trial. JAMA 2003; 289: 3117–24.

Bordin ES. The generalizability of the psychoanalytic concept of the working alliance. Psychotherapy 1979; 16, 252–260.

Bozzatello P, Bellino S. Combined therapy with interpersonal psychotherapy adapted for borderline personality disorder: A two-year follow-up. Psychiatry Res 2016;240:151-156

Brent D, Melhem N, Donohoe MB et al. The incidence and course of depression in bereaved youth 21 months after the loss of a parent to suicide, accident, or sudden natural death. Am J Psychaitry 2009; 166(7):786-794.

Brown GW, Harris TO. Social origins of depression: A study of psychiatric disorders in women. London: Tavistock 1978.

Browne G, Steiner M, Roberts J et al. Sertraline and/or interpersonal psychotherapy for patients with dysthymic disorder in primary care: 6-month comparison with longitudinal 2-year follow-up of effectiveness and costs. J Affect Disord 2002; 68(2–3): 317–30.

Bruce ML, Have TT, Reynolds CF et al. Reducing suicidal ideation and depressive symptoms in depressed older primary care patients: A randomized controlled trial. JAMA 2006; 291: 1081–91.

Carreira K, Miller MD, Frank E et al. A controlled evaluation of monthly maintenance interpersonal psychotherapy in late-life depression with varying levels of cognitive function. Int J Geriatr Psychiatr 2008; 23(11): 1110–3.

Caspar F, Großmann C, Unmüssig C et al. Complementary therapeutic relationship: Therapist behavior, interpersonal patterns, and therapeutic effects. Psychother Res 2005; 15(1–2): 91–102.

Chui W, Safer DL, Bryson SW et al. A comparison of ethnic groups in the treatment of bulimia nervosa. Eat Behav 2007; 8(4): 485–91.

Cohen MB, Baker G, Cohen RA et al. An intensive study of 12 cases of manic depressive psychoses. Psychiatr 1954; 17: 103–37.

Constantino MJ, Coyne AE, Luukko EK et al. Therapeutic alliance, subsequent change, and moderators of the alliance-outcome association in interpersonal psychotherapy for depression. Psychotherapy 2017; 54:125-135.

Crits-Christoph P, Connolly MB, Shappell S et al. Interpersonal narratives in cognitive and interpersonal psychotherapies. Psychother Res 1999; 9(1): 22–35.

Crits-Christoph P, Connolly Gibbons MB, Temes CM et al. Interpersonal accuracy  of interventions and the outcome of  cognitive and interpersonal therapies  for depression. Journal of Consulting  and Clinical Psychology 2010; 78(3),  420-428.

Crowe M, Luty S. Patterns of response and non-response in interpersonal psychotherapy: A qualitative study. Psychiatry: Interpersonal Biological Processes 2005; 68(4): 337–49.

Cuijpers P, van Straten A, Andersson G et al. Psychotherapy for depression in adults: A meta-analysis of comparative outcome studies. J Consult Clin Psychol 2008; 76(6): 909–22.

Cuijpers P, Geraedts AS, van Oppen P et al. Interpersonal psychotherapy for depression: A meta-analysis. Am J Psychiatry 2011; 168:581–592. 

Cuijpers P, Donker T, Weissman MM et al. Interpersonal Psychotherapy for Mental Health Problems: A Comprehensive Meta-Analysis. Am J Psychiatry 2016; 173:680-687.

Cyranowski JM, Bookwala J, Feske U et al. Adult attachment profiles, interpersonal difficulties, and response to interpersonal psychotherapy in women with recurrent major depression. J Soc Clin Psychol 2002; 21(2): 191–217.

Davila J, Stroud CB, Starr LR. Depression in couples and families. In: Gotlib IH, Hammen CL. Handbook of depression. New York: Guilford Press 2014: 410–2991.

Donnelly JM, Kornblith AB, Fleishman S et al. A pilot study of interpersonal psychotherapy by telephone with cancer patients and their partners. Psychooncology 2000; 9(1): 44–56.

Elkin I. The NIMH Treatment of Depression Collaborative Research Program: Where we began and where we are. In: Bergin AE, Garfield SL (eds). Handbook of psychotherapy and behavior change, 4th ed. New York: Wiley 1994: 114–39.

Elkin I, Shea T, Watkins JT et al. National Institute of Mental Health Treatment of Depression Collaborative Research Program: General effectiveness of treatment. Arch Gen Psychiatr 1989; 46: 971–82.

Elkins DN. The Paradigm Shift in Psychotherapy: Implications for the DSM. Journal of Humanistic Psychology 2017; Vol. 57(6) 667–674.

Ekeblad A, Falkenström F, Andersson G et al. Randomized trial of interpersonal psychotherapy and cognitive-behavioral therapy for major depressive disorder in a community-based psychiatric outpatient clinic. Depress Anxiety 2016; 33(12):1090-1098

Fairburn CG, Bailey-Straebler S, Basden S et al. A transdiagnostic comparison of enhanced cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT-E) and interpersonal psychotherapy in the treatment of eating disorders. Behav Res Ther. 2015 Jul;70:64-71

Fairburn CG, Jones R, Peveler RC et al. Three psychological treatments for bulimia nervosa. Arch Gen Psychiatr 1991; 48: 463–9.

Fairburn CG, Jones R, Peveler RC et al. Psychotherapy and bulimia nervosa. Longer-term effects of interpersonal psychotherapy, behavior therapy, and cognitive behavior therapy. Arch Gen Psychiatr 1993; 50: 419–28.

Fairburn CG, Norman PA, Welch SL et al. A prospective study of outcome in bulimia nervosa and the long-term effects of three psychological treatments. Arch Gen Psychiatr 1995; 52: 304–12.

Finkenzeller W, Zobel I, Rietz S et al. Interpersonelle Psychotherapie und Pharmakotherapie bei Post-Stroke-Depression: Machbarkeit und Effektivität. Nervenarzt 2009; 80: 805–12.

Foley SH, O’Malley S, Rounsaville B et al. The relationship of patient difficulty to therapist performance in interpersonal psychotherapy of depression. J Affect Disord 1987; 12: 207–17.

Frank E. Treating bipolar disorder. A clinician’s guide to interpersonal and social rhythm therapy. New York: Guilford Press 2005.

Frank E, Frank N, Cornes C et al. Interpersonal psychotherapy in the treatment of late-life depression. Unpublished manuscript, University of Pittsburgh 1991.

Frank E, Kupfer DJ, Buysse DJ et al. Randomized trial of weekly, twice-monthly, and monthly interpersonal psychotherapy as maintenance treatment for women with recurrent depression Am J Psychiatr 2007; 164(5): 761–7.

Frank E, Kupfer D, Perel J et al. Three-year outcomes for maintenance therapies in recurrent depression. Arch Gen Psychiatr 1990a; 47: 1093–9.

Frank E, Kupfer DJ, Thase ME et al. Two-year outcomes for interpersonal and social rhythm therapy in individuals with bipolar I disorder. Arch Gen Psychiatr 2005; 62: 996–1004.

Frank E, Kupfer DJ, Wagner EF et al. Efficacy of interpersonal psychotherapy as a maintenance treatment of recurrent depression: Contributing factors. Arch Gen Psychiatr 1991; 48: 1053–9.

Gariepy G, Honkaniemi H, Quesnel-Vallee´ A. Social support and protection from depression: Systematic review of current findings in Western countries. The British Journal of Psychiatry 2016; 1–10. doi: 10.1192/bjp.bp.115.169094

Goodman SH, Lusby CM. Early adverse experiences and depression. In: Gotlib IH, Hammen CL. Handbook of depression. New York: Guilford Press 2014: 220–39.

Gotlib IH, Colich NL. Children of parents with depression. In: Handbook of depression. New York: Guilford Press 2014; 240-259.

Grossmann, K. & Grossmann, K.E (Hrsg.) (2017) Bindungen – das Gefüge psychischer Sicherheit (7. Aufl.). Stuttgart: Klett-Cotta 2017.

Grote NK, Swartz HA, Geibel SL et al. (2009) A randomized controlled trial of culturally relevant, brief interpersonal psychotherapy for perinatal depression. Psychiatry Serv 2009; 60(3): 313–21.

Grümer S, Pinquart M. Perceived changes in personal circumstances related to social change. European Psychologist 2011; Vol. 16(1):68–78

Hames JL, Hagan CR, Joiner TE. Interpersonal Processes in Depression. Annu. Rev. Clin. Psychol. 2013. 9:355–77.

Hammen CL, Shih J. Depression and interpersonal processes. In: Gotlib IH, Hammen CL (eds). Handbook of depression, 3rd edition, New York: Guilford press 2014, 277-295.

Heckman TG, Heckman BD, Anderson T et al. Tele-Interpersonal Psychotherapy Acutely Reduces Depressive Symptoms in Depressed HIV-Infected Rural Persons: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Behav Med. 2017 Oct-Dec;43(4):285-295.

Hieckie I, Parker G. The impact of an uncaring partner on improvement in non-melancholic depression. J Aff Disord 1992; 25: 147–60.

Hoffart A. IPT for social phobia: Theoretical model and review of the evidence. In: Abelian ME (ed). Focus on psychotherapy research. New York: Nova Science 2005: 4–11.

Horowitz JL, Garber J, Ciesla JA et al. Prevention of depressive symptoms in adolescents: A randomized trial of cognitive-behavioral and interpersonal prevention program. J Consult Clin Psychol 2007; 75(5): 693–706.

Horvath AO, Del Re AC, Flückiger C. Alliance in individual psychotherapy. Psychotherapy 2011; 48(1), 9-16.

Jacobson NS, Hollon SD. Prospects for future comparisons between drugs and psychotherapy: Lessons from the CBT-versus-pharmacotherapy exchange. J Consult Clin Psychol 1996; 64: 104–8.

Jacobson S, Deykin E, Prusoff B. Process and outcome of therapy with depressed women. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 1977; 47(1), 140-148.

Joiner TE Jr, Katz J. Contagion of depressive symptoms and mood: Meta-analytic review and explanations from cognitive, behavioral, and interpersonal viewpoints. Clinical Psychology: Science Practice 1999; 6: 149–64.

Joormann J, Eugene F, Gotlib I. Parental depression: Impact on offspring and mechanisms underlying transmission of risk. In: Nolen-Hoeksema S, Hilt L (eds). Handbook of depression in adolescents. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum 2009: 441–72.

Kessler RC, Wang PS. Epidemiology of depression. In: Gotlib IH, Hammen CL. Handbook of depression. New York: Guilford Press 2014

Kiesler DJ. Contemporary interpersonal theory and research. New York: Wiley 1996.Kiesler DJ. 

The 1982 Interpersonal Circle: A taxonomy for complementarity in human transactions. Psychological Review, Vol 90(3), Jul 1983, S. 185–214. doi:10.1037/0033-295X.90.3.185

Klein DN, Allmann AES. Course  of depression. In: Gotlib IH, Hammen CL. Handbook of depression. New York: Guilford Press 2014: 64–83.

Klerman GL, Di Mascio A, Weissman MM et al. Treatment of depression by drugs and psychotherapy. Am J Psychiatr 1974; 131: 186–91.

Klerman GL, Weissman MM. New applications of interpersonal psychotherapy. Washington: American Psychiatric Press 1993.

Klerman GL, Weissman MM, Rounsaville BJ et al. Interpersonal psychotherapy of depression. New York: Basic Books 1984.

Klier CM, Muzik M, Rosenblum KL et al. G. Interpersonal psychotherapy adapted for the group setting in the treatment of postpartum depression. Journal of Psychotherapy: Practice Research 2001; 10: 124–31.

Kovacs M, Obrosky S, George C. The course of major depressive disorder from childhood to young adulthood: Recovery and recurrence in a longitudinal observational study. J Affect Disord. 2016 Oct;203:374-381.

Kronmüller M, Schramm E, Mundt C. Psychotherapien. In: Marneros A (Hrsg). Das neue Handbuch der bipolaren und depressiven Erkrankungen. Stuttgart: Thieme 2004: 291–326.

Krupnick JL, Green BL, Stockton P et al. Group interpersonal psychotherapy for low-income women with posttraumatic stress disorder. Psychother Res 2008; 18(5): 497–507.

Krupnick JL, Sotsky SM, Simmens S etal. The role of the  therapeutic alliance in psychotherapy  and pharmacotherapy outcome:  Findings in the National Institute of  Mental Health Treatment of Depression  Collaborative Research Program.  Journal of Consulting and  Clinical Psychology 1996; 64(3), 532-539. 

Lemmens LH, Arntz A, Peeters F, Hollon SD, Roefs A, Huibers  Clinical effectiveness of cognitive therapy v. interpersonal psychotherapy for depression: results of a randomized controlled trial.MJ. Psychol Med. 2015 Jul;45(10):2095-110. 

Lemmens LHJM, Galindo-Garre F, Arntz A et al. Exploring mechanisms of change in cognitive therapy and interpersonal psychotherapy for adult depression. Behav Res Ther 2017;94:81-92

Lemmens LHJM, van Bronswijk SC, Peeters F et al. Long-term outcomes of acute treatment with cognitive therapy v.interpersonal psychotherapy for adult depression: follow-up of a randomized controlled trial. Psychological Medicine 2018; 1–9.

Lenze EJ, Dew MA, Mazumdar S et al. Combined pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy as maintenance treatment for late-life depression: Effects on social adjustment. Am J Psychiatr 2002; 159: 466–8.

Lenze SN, Potts MA: Brief interpersonal psychotherapy for depression during pregnancy in a low-income population: a randomized controlled trial. J Affect Disord 2017;210:151-157

Lespérance F, Frasure-Smith N, Koszycki D et al. Effects of citalopram and interpersonal psychotherapy on depression in patients with coronary artery disease: The Canadian Cardiac Randomized Evaluation of Antidepressant and Psychotherapy Efficacy (CREATE) trial. Int J Neuropsychopharmacol 2007; 10(1): 117–22.

Lipsitz JD, Gur M, Miller N et al. An open trial of interpersonal psychotherapy for panic disorder (IPT-PD). J Nerv Ment Dis 2006; 194(6): 440–5.

Lipsitz JD, Gur M, Vermes D et al. (2008) A randomized trial of interpersonal therapy versus supportive therapy for social anxiety disorder. Depress Anxiety 2008; 25(6): 542–53.

Lipsitz JD, Markowitz JC. Mechanisms of Change in Interpersonal Therapy (IPT). Clin Psychol Rev 2013; 33(8): 1134–1147.

Luty SE, Carter JD, McKenzie JM et al. Randomised controlled trial of interpersonal psychotherapy and cognitive-behavioral therapy for depression. Brit J Psychiatr 2007; 190: 496–502.

Markowitz JC. Interpersonal psychotherapy of dysthymic disorder. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press 1998.

Markowitz JC, Bleiberg KL, Christos P et al. Solving interpersonal problems correlates with symptom improvement in interpersonal psychotherapy. Preliminary findings. J Nerv Ment Dis 2006; 194(1): 1–6.

Markowitz JC, Choo T, Neria Y: Stability of improvement after psychotherapy of posttraumatic stress disorder. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry 2018;63:37-43

Markowitz JC, Kocsis JH, Bleiberg KL et al. A comparative trial of psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy for “pure” dysthymic patients. J Affect Disord 2005; 89: 167–75.

Markowitz JC, Kocsis JH, Fishman B et al. Treatment of depressive symptoms in human immunodeficiency virus-positive patients. Arch Gen Psychiatr 1998; 55: 452–7.

Markowitz JC, Milrod B. The importance of responding to negative affect in psychotherapies. The American Journal of Psychiatry 2011, 168, 124–128

Markowitz JCPetkova ENeria Y et al. Is Exposure Necessary? A Randomized Clinical Trial of Interpersonal Psychotherapy for PTSD. Am J Psychiatry. 2015 May;172(5):430-40

Markowitz JC, Skodol AE, Bleiberg K. Interpersonal psychotherapy for borderline personality disorder: Possible mechanisms of change. J Clin Psychol 2006; 62(4): 431–44.

Menchetti M, Rucci P, Bortolotti B et al. The DEPICS Group. Moderators of remission with interpersonal counselling or drug treatment in primary care patients with depression: randomised controlled trial. Br J Psychiatry. 2014 Feb;204(2):144-50. 

McBride C, Atkinson L, Quilty LC et al. Attachment as moderator of treatment outcome in major depression: A randomized control trial of interpersonal psychotherapy versus cognitive behavior therapy. J Consult Clin Psychol 2006;74: 1041–54.

McIntosh VV, Jordan J, Carter FA et al. Three psychotherapies for anorexia nervosa: A randomized, controlled trial. Am J Psychiatry 2005; 162(4): 741–7.

Meyer A. Psychobiology: A science of man. Springfield: Thomas 1957.

Miklowitz DJ, Otto MW, Frank E et al. Intensive psychosocial intervention enhances functioning in patients with bipolar depression: results from a 9-month randomized controlled trial. Am J Psychiatry. 2007 Sep;164(9):1340-7.

Monroe SM, Slavich GM, Georgiades K. The social environment and depression: The roles of life stress. In: Gotlib IH, Hammen CL. Handbook of depression. New York: Guilford Press 2014: 296-315.

Mossey JM, Knott KA, Higgins M et al. Effectiveness of psychosocial intervention, interpersonal counseling for subdysthymic depression in medically ill elderly. J Gerontol Series A: Biological Sciences Medical Science 1996; 51A: M172–8.

Mufson L, Pollack Dorta K, Moreau D, Weissman MM. Interpersonal therapy for depressed adolescents. New York: Guilford Press 2011.

Mufson L, Pollack KD, Wickramaratne P et al. A randomized effectiveness trial of interpersonal psychotherapy for depressed adolescents. Arch Gen Psychiatr 2004; 61: 577–84.

Mufson L, Weissman MM, Moreau D et al. Efficacy of interpersonal psychotherapy for depressed adolescents. Arch Gen Psychiatr 1999; 56: 573–9.

Mulder R, Murray G, Rucklidge J. Common versus specific factors in psychotherapy: opening the black box. Lancet Psychiatry 2017; 4(12):953-962.

Nelson J, Klumparendt A, Doebler P Ehring T. Childhood maltreatment and characteristics

of adult depression: meta-analysis. The British Journal of Psychiatry 2017; 201: 96–104.

Neugebauer R, Kline J, Bleiberg K et al. (2007) Preliminary open trial of interpersonal counseling for subsyndromal depression following miscarriage. Depress Anxiety 2007; 24(3): 219–22.

O’Hara MW, Stuart S, Gorman LL et al. Efficacy of interpersonal psychotherapy for postpartum depression. Arch Gen Psychiatr 2000; 57: 1039–45.

O’Malley SS, Foley SH, Rounsaville BJ et al. Therapist competence and patient outcome in interpersonal psychotherapy of depression. J Consult Clin Psychol 1988; 56: 496–500.

O’Malley SS, Suh CS, Strupp HH. The Vanderbilt Psychotherapy Process Scale: A report on the scale development and a process-outcome study. J Consult Clin Psychol 1983; 51: 581–6.

Patel VWeiss HAChowdhary N et al. Effectiveness of an intervention led by lay health counsellors for depressive and anxiety disorders in primary care in Goa, India (MANAS): a cluster randomised controlled trial. Lancet. 2010 Dec 18;376(9758):2086-95.

Paykel ES. Life events and affective disorders. Acta Psychiatr Scand 2003; 108(suppl 418): 61–6.

Pianta RC, Egeland B. Relation between depressive symptoms and stressful life events in a sample of disadvantaged mothers. J Consult Clin Psychol 1994; 62: 1091–5.

Post RM. Transduction of psychosocial stress into the neurobiology of recurrent affective disorder. Am J Psychiatr 1992; 149: 999–1010.

Power MJ, Freeman C. A randomized controlled trial of IPT versus CBT in primary care: with some cautionary notes about handling missing values in clinical trials. Clin Psychol Psychother. 2012 Mar-Apr;19(2):159-69

Prien RF, Kupfer DJ, Mansky PA et al. Drug therapy in the prevention of recurrences in unipolar and bipolar affective disorders: A report of the NIMH Collaborative Study Group comparing lithium carbonate, imipramine, and a lithium carbonate-imipramine combination. Arch Gen Psychiatr 1984; 41: 1096–104.

Pu J, Zhou X, Liu L et al. Efficacy and acceptability of interpersonal psychotherapy for depression in adolescents: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Psychiatry Res 2017;253:226-232.

Quilty LC, McBride C, Bagby RM. Evidence for the cognitive mediational model of cognitive behavioural therapy for depression. Psychological Medicine 2008; 38, 1531-1541.

Ravitz P, Maunder R, McBride C. Attachment, contemporary interpersonal theory and IPT: An integration of theoretical, clinical, and empirical perspectives. J Contemp Psychother 2008; 38(1): 11–21.

Reay RE, Owen C, Shadbolt B. et al. Trajectories of long-term outcomes for postnatally depressed mothers treated with group interpersonal psychotherapy. Arch Womens Ment Health. 2012 Jun;15(3):217-28

Reynolds CF, Dew MA,Martire LM et al. Treating depression to remission in older adults: a controlled evaluation of combined escitalopram with interpersonal psychotherapy versus escitalopram with depression care management. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2010 Nov;25(11):1134-41.

Reynolds CF, Dew MA, Pollock BG et al. Maintenance treatment of major depression in old age. New England J Med 2006; 354(11): 1130–8.

Reynolds CF, Frank E, Perel JM et al. Nortryptiline and interpersonal psychotherapy as maintenance therapies for recurrent major depression: A randomized controlled trial in patients older than 59 years. JAMA 1999; 281: 39–45.

Rosselló J, Bernal G. The efficacy of cognitive-behavioral and interpersonal treatments for depression in Puerto Rican adolescents. J Consul Clin Psychol 1999; 67(5): 734–45.

Rosselló J, Bernal G, Rivera-Medina C. Individual and group CBT and IPT for Puerto Rican adolescents with depressive symptoms. Cultur Divers Ethnic Minor Psychol 2008; 14(3): 234–45.

Rounsaville BJ, Chevron ES, Prusoff BA et al. The relation between specific and general dimensions of the psychotherapy process in interpersonal psychotherapy of depression. J Consult Clin Psychol 1987; 55(3): 379–84.

Rounsaville BJ, Glazer W, Wilber CH et al. Short-term interpersonal psychotherapy in methadone-maintained opiate addicts. Arch Gen Psychiatr 1983; 40: 629–36.

Rounsaville BJ, Kleber HD. Psychotherapy/counseling for opiate addicts: Strategies for use in different treatment settings. Int J Addiction 1985; 20(6 u.7): 868–96.

Saloheimo HP, Markowitz J, Saloheimo TH et al. Psychotherapy effectiveness for major depression: A randomized trial in a Finnish community. BMC Psychiatry 2016;16:131. doi: 10.1186/s12888-016-0838-1.Schmaling K, Jacobson HS. Marital interaction and depression. J Abnorm Psychol 1990; 99: 229–36.

Santini ZI, Koyanagi A, Tyrovolas S et al. The association between social relationships and depression: A systematic review. J. Affect. Disord. 2015; 175, 53–65.

Schramm E, Kech S, Zobel I et al. Factors influencing the outcome of IPT in depressed patients: Analysis of the mechanisms of change. Poster auf der 3rd International Conference of the International Society of IPT. New York 2009.

Schramm E, Schneider D, Zobel I et al. Efficacy of interpersonal psychotherapy plus pharmacotherapy in chronically depressed inpatients. J Affect Disord 2008; 109(1–2): 65–73.

Schramm E, van Calker D, Berger M. Wirksamkeit und Wirkfaktoren der interpersonellen Psychotherapie in der stationären Depressionsbehandlung. Ergebnisse einer Pilotstudie. PPmP 2004; 54: 65–72.

Schramm E, van Calker D, Dykierek P et al. An intensive treatment program of interpersonal psychotherapy plus pharmacotherapy for depressed inpatients: Acute and long-term results. Am J Psychiatr 2007; 164: 768–77.

Schramm E, Zobel I, Dykierek P et al. Cognitive behavioral analysis system of psychotherapy versus interpersonal psychotherapy for early-onset chronic depression: A randomized pilot study. Journal of Affective Disorders 129 (2011) 109–116.

Schramm E, Kech S, Zobel I et al. Factors influencing the outcome of IPT in depressed patients: Analysis of the mechanisms of change. Poster auf der 3rd International Conference of the International Society of IPT. New York 2009.

Schramm E, Mack S, Thiel N et al. Interpersonal psychotherapy versus treatment as usual for major depression related to work stress: A pilot randomized controlled study. Frontiers in Psychiatry, in press.

Schulberg HC, Block MR, Madonia MJ et al. Treating major depression in primary care practice. Eight-month clinical outcomes. Arch Gen Psychiatr 1996; 53: 913–9.

Scott S, O’Hara MW. Treatment of postpartum depression with interpersonal psychotherapy. Arch Gen Psychiatr 1995; 52: 75–6.

Shea MT, Elkin I, Imber SD et al. Course of depressive symptoms over follow-up: Findings from the National Institute of Mental Health Treatment of Depression Collaborative Research Program. Arch Gen Psychiatr 1992; 49: 782–7.

Shear K, Wang Y, ,Skritskaya N  et al. Treatment of complicated grief in elderly persons: A randomized controlled trial. JAMA Psychiatry. 2014 Nov; 71(11): 1287–1295.Souza LH, Salum GA, Mosqueiro B et al. Interpersonal psychotherapy as add-on for treatment-resistant depression: A pragmatic randomized controlled trial. J Affect Disord 2016;193:373-380

Spinelli MG, Endicott J. Controlled clinical trial of interpersonal psychotherapy versus parenting education program for depressed pregnant women. Am J Psychiatr 2003; 160: 555–62.

Spinelli MG, Endicott J, Leon A et al. A controlled clinical treatment trial of interpersonal psychotherapy for depressed pregnant women at 3 New York City sites. J Clin Psychiatry. 2013 Apr;74(4):393-9.

Spitz R. Analytic depression. Psychoanal Study Child 1946; 5: 113–7.

Stangier U, Schramm E,Heidenreich T et al. Cognitive therapy vs interpersonal psychotherapy in social anxiety disorder: a randomized controlled trial. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2011 Jul;68(7):692-700

Stroud CB, Davila J, Moyer A. The relationship between stress and depression in first onsets versus recurrences: A meta-analytic review. J Abnorm Psychol 2008; 117(1): 206–13.

Sullivan H. Conceptions of modern psychiatry. New York: W.W. Norton 1940. 

Sullivan HS: Die Interpersonale Theorie der Psychiatrie. Fischer, Frankfurt/M. 1980

Swartz HA, Cyranowski JM, Cheng Y et al.  Brief psychotherapy for maternal depression: Impact on mothers and children. J Am Acad Child Adol Psychiatry 2016; 55:495-50

Swartz HA, Rucci P, Thase M et al. Psychotherapy Alone and Combined With Medication as Treatments for Bipolar II Depression: A Randomized Controlled Trial. J Clin Psychiatry 2018; 79(2). pii: 16m11027. doi: 10.4088/JCP.16m11027. 

Tanofsky-Kraff M, Crosby RD, Vannucci A et al. Effect of adapted interpersonal psychotherapy versus health education on mood and eating in the laboratory among adolescent girls with loss of control eating. Int J Eat Disord. 2016;49:490-498

Tanofsky-Kraff M, Shomaker LB, Wilfley DE et al. JA: Excess weight gain prevention in adolescents: three-year outcome following a randomized controlled trial. J Consult Clin Psychol 2017;85:218-227

Tennant CC. Life events, stress and depression: A review of recent findings. Austral New Zealand J Psychiatr 2002; 36: 173–82.

Toth SL, Rogosch FA, Oshri A et al. The efficacy of interpersonal psychotherapy for depression among economically disadvantaged mothers. Development and Psychopathology  2013; 25, 1065-1078.

Van Schaik DJ, van Marwijk HW, Beekman AT et al. IPT for late life in general practice: Uptake and satisfaction by patients, therapists and physicians. BMC Fam Pract 2007; 13(8): 52–6.

van Ravesteyn LM, Lambregtse-van den Berg MP, Hoogendijk WJ et al. Interventions to treat mental disorders during pregnancy: a systematic review and multiple treatment meta-analysis. PLoS One. 2017 Mar 30;12(3):e0173397. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0173397. eCollection 2017

Verdeli H, Clougherty K, Onyango G et al. Group interpersonal psychotherapy for depressed youth in IDP camps in Northern Uganda: Adaptation and training. Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am 2008; 17(3): 605–24.

Vos SP, Huibers MJ, Diels L et al. A randomized clinical trial of cognitive behavioral therapy and interpersonal psychotherapy for panic disorder with agoraphobia. Psychol Med. 2012 Dec;42(12):2661-72.

Weissman MM, Hankerson SH, Scorza P et al. Interpersonal Counseling (IPC) for depression in primary care. Am J Psychother. 2014; 68(4): 359–383.

Weissman MM, Klerman GL. Interpersonal counseling for stress and distress in primary care settings. In: Klerman GL, Weissman MM (eds). New applications of interpersonal psychotherapy. Washington: American Psychiatric Press 1993: 295–318.

Weissman MM, Klerman G, Markowitz JC. Comprehensive guide to interpersonal psychotherapy. New York: Basic Books 2000.

Weissman MM, Klerman GL, Paykel ES et al. Treatment effects on the social adjustment of depressed patients. Arch Gen Psychiatr 1974; 30: 771–8.

Weissman MM, Klerman GL, Prusoff BA et al. Depressed outpatients. Results one year after treatment with drugs and/or interpersonal psychotherapy. Arch Gen Psychiatr 1981; 38: 51–5.Weissman MM, Markowitz JC. Casebook of Interpersonal Psychotherapy. New York: Oxford University Press 2012.

Weissman MM, Markowitz JC, Klerman G. The guide to Interpersonal Psychotherapy: Updated and Expanded, New York: Oxford Press 2018.

Weissman MM, Prusoff BA, DiMascio A et al. The efficacy of drugs and psychotherapy in the treatment of acute depressive episodes. Am J Psychiatr 1979; 136: 555–8.

Werner-Seidler A, Afzali MH, Chaoman C, Sunderland M, Slade T. The relationship between social support networks and depression in the 2007 National Survey of Mental Health and Well-being. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 2017; 52:1463–1473. DOI 10.1007/s00127-017-1440-7

Whisman MA. Marital adjustment and outcome following treatments for depression. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 2001; 69(1), 125-129.

Wilfley DE, Agras WS, Telch CF et al. Group cognitive-behavioral therapy and group interpersonal psychotherapy for the nonpurging bulimic individual: A controlled comparison. J Consult Clin Psychol 1993; 61: 296–305.

Wilfley DE, Welch RR, Stein RI et al. A randomized comparison of group cognitive-behavioral therapy and group interpersonal psychotherapy for the treatment of overweight individuals with binge-eating disorder. Arch Gen Psychiatr 2002; 59: 713–21.

Wilson GT, Wilfley D, Agras W et al. Psychological treatments of binge eating disorder.Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2010 Jan;67(1):94-101.

Yap MBH, Jorm AF. Parental factors associated with childhood anxiety, depression, and internalizing problems: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal ofAffectiveDisorders175(2015)424–440

Zhou X, Hetrick SE, Cuijpers P et al. Comparative efficacy and acceptability of psycho-therapies for depression in children and adolescents: A systematic review and network meta-analysis. World Psychiatry 2015; 14: 207–222

Zuroff DC, Koestner R, Moskowitz DS et al. Autonomous motivation for therapy: A new common factor in brief treatments for depression. Psychotherapy Research 29917; 17(2), 137-147.